骨專科傷病

英文病名 中文病名
NECK PAIN  頸部疼痛
SHOULDER PAIN  肩膀疼痛
ELBOW PAIN AND FOREARM PAIN 肘部疼痛及前臂疼痛
WRIST PAIN AND HAND PAIN 腕部疼痛及手部疼痛
THORACIC AND CHEST PAIN 胸痛
LOW BACK PAIN  下背痛
BUTTOCK PAIN 臀部疼痛
HIP AND GROIN PAIN  髖部及鼠蹊痛
THIGH PAIN  大腿疼痛
KNEE INJURIES  膝部損傷
LOWER LEG PAIN 下肢疼痛
ANKLE INJURIES  踝損傷
FOOT PAIN 足部疼痛
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NECK PAIN 頸部疼痛
ACUTE NERVE ROOT PAIN  急性神經根性疼痛
APOPHYSEAL WRY NECK 椎間關節症性斜頸
DISCOGENIC WRY NECK  椎間板症斜頸
ACCELERATION/deceleration injury(whiplash) 鞭閃頸
Rotator cuff tendinopathy  肩旋腱板病變
Calcific tendinopathy of the rotator cuff 肩旋腱板鈣化性病變
Rotator cuff strain 肩旋腱板勞累傷
Dislocation of the shoulderjoint(glenohumeral joint) 肩關節脫臼
Shoulder instability 肩關節不穩定症
Fracture of the clavicle 鎖骨骨折
Acromioclaviclavicular (AC)joint injury 肩峰鎖骨關節損傷
Adhesive capsulitis(frozen shoulder) 肩癒著型關節包炎(凍肩)
Biceps tendinopathy 肩二頭肌腱病變
Rupture of the long head of biceps 肩二頭肌腱長頭斷裂
Pectoralis major strain 大胸肌勞累傷
Levator scapulae syndrome 肩胛提肌症侯群
Nerve entrapments around the shoulder 肩部神經絞扼
Extensor tendinopathy(tennis elbow) 伸肌腱腱症(網球肘)
Entrapment of  the posterior interosseous nerve 前臂後骨間神經絞扼
Flexor tendinopathy('golfer's elbow') 屈肌腱腱症
Media collateral ligament sprain  肘內側韌帶扭拉傷
Ulnar nerve compression at the elbow 肘部尺骨神經壓迫
Olecranon bursitis  鷹嘴滑液囊炎
posterior dislocation of the elbow joint  肘關節後脫臼
fracture of the radius and ulna 橈尺骨骨折
fracture of the distal radius abd ulna  橈尺骨末端骨折
fracture of the scaphoid  腕舟狀骨骨折
fracture of the hook of hamate 腕鉤狀骨鉤突骨折
scaphiolunate dissociation  舟狀骨月狀骨分離
De Quervain 's tenosynovitis  De Quervain'氏腱鞘膜炎(媽媽手)
Ganglion formation 腱鞘囊腫形成
Triangular fibrocartilage complex tear  三角纖維軟骨裂傷(TFCC)
Wrist tendinopathy 腕部腱症
Carpal tunnel syndrome  腕隧道症候群
Ulnar nerve compression at the wrist  腕部尺骨神經壓迫
Injury to the dital radial epiphysis 橈骨遠位骨端損傷
Kienbock's disease 腕部月狀骨壞死
Fracture of a metacarpal 掌骨骨折
Dilocation of a metacarpophalangeal(knuckle)joint(M.P) 掌指關節脫臼
Fracture of a phalanx(finger) 手指骨骨折
Dislocation of a finger joint 指間關節脫臼
Ligament injuries in the fingers 指韌帶損傷
Thoracic intervertebral  joint disorders 胸椎間關節障礙
Costovertebral joint disorders 肋胸椎關節障礙
Scheuermann's disease  
Thoracic intervertebral disc prolapse 胸椎間板脫垂
Rib trauma and rib fracture  肋骨傷害骨折
Costochondritis 胸肋軟骨炎
Stress fracture of the ribs  肋骨應力性骨折
Low back pain 下背痛
Acute nerve root compression  急性神經根壓迫
Stress fracture of the pars interarticularis (pars defect) 神經弓應力性骨折(關節間部)缺損
Spondylolisthesis 腰椎滑脫症
Sacroiliac joint disorders 薦腸關節障礙
Iliolumbar  ligament sprain  腸腰韌帶扭拉傷
Hamstring  origin tendinopathy 膕旁腱腿後腱腱症
lschiogluteal bursitis 坐骨臀部滑液囊炎
Piriformis conditions  梨狀肌症侯群
Avulsion fracture  of the  ischial  tuberosity  坐骨粗隆剝離性骨折
Adductor muscle strain 內轉肌勞損傷
Adductor  tendinopathy 內轉肌腱症
Osteitis pubis  恥骨炎
Trochanteric bursitis 轉子部滑液囊炎
Stress fracture of the public ramus  恥骨弓應力性骨折
Hip joint  injury  髖關節損傷
Stress fracture of the neck of the femur  股骨頸部應力性骨折
Snapping hip 彈撥股
Iliopsoas(hip flexor)strain 腸腰肌勞損傷
Iliopsoas bursitis  髂腰腸[腰滑]液囊炎
Rectus adbominis tendinopathy  腹直肌腱症
Inguinal hernia  鼠蹊部疝氣
Posterior inguinal wall weakness('sportsman's hernia) 鼠蹊後壁弱化(運動員疝氣)
Obturator nerver entrapment  閉孔神經絞扼
Quadriceps contusion(cork thigh, corky,quadriceps hemorrhage) 四頭肌挫傷(出血)
Myositis ossificans  骨化性肌炎
Quadriceps muscle strain(muscle tear) 四頭肌勞損傷(肌肉裂傷)
Stress fracture of  the shaft of the femur 股骨應力性骨折
Hamstring muscle strain 腿後肌腱勞損傷
Meniscal injury 膝半月軟骨損傷
Medial collateral ligament (MCL)injury 內側韌帶損傷
Anterior cruciate ligament(ACL)injury 前十字韌帶損傷
Posterior cruciate ligament(PCL)injury 後十字韌帶損傷
Lateral collateral ligament(LCL)injury 外側側韌帶損傷
Articular cartilage damage 關節面軟骨損傷
Fracture of the patella(kneecap) 髕骨骨折膝蓋骨骨折
Patella dislocation(kneecap) 膝蓋脫臼髕骨脫臼
Patella tendon rupture 髕骨腱斷裂
Fatpad impingement 脂肪墊衝突
Fracture of the tibial plateau 脛骨平台骨折
Superior tibiofibular joint injury 上脛腓關節損傷
Ruptured hamstring tendon 腿後腱斷裂
Patellofemoral syndrome(anterior knee pain,runner's knee) 髕骨關節症候群(跑步膝)
Patellar tendinopathy(jumper's knee) 臏骨腱症(跳躍膝)
Synovial plica 滑液膜摺帶
Osgood-schlatter's disease 脛骨粗隆骨骺炎
Sinding-Larsen-johansson syndrome 髕骨底部生長板損傷
Quadricaps tendinopathy 四頭肌肌腱腱症
Pre-patellar bursitis(housemaid's knee) 臏骨前滑囊液炎
Iliotibial band friction syndrome(ITBFS) 腸脛腱帶摩擦症候群
Biceps femoris tendinopathy 股二頭肌腱症
Pes anserinus tendinopath 腱炎
Pellegrini-stieda syndrome 外傷性膝內側側韌帶鈣化症
(MCL外傷性鈣化症)
Popliteus tendinopathy 膝窩腱炎
Gastrocnemius tendinopathy 腓腸肌腱炎
Baker's cyst 膝窩囊腫,貝克氏囊腫
Gastrocnemius(calf) strain 腓腸肌勞損傷
Soleus(deep calf muscle)strain 比目魚肌勞損傷
Stree fracture of the tibia 脛骨應力性骨折
Tenoperiostitis of  the shin 脛骨肌腱骨膜炎
Deep posterior compartment syndrome 小腿深後腔室症候群
Anterior compartment syndrome 小腿前腔室症候群
Stress fracture of the fibula  腓骨應力性骨折
Periosteal contusion-bone bruising  骨膜挫傷
Achilles tendinopathy 足跟腱炎
Paratendinopathy of the Achilles tendon 足跟腱旁組織炎
Partial tear of the Achilles tendon 足跟腱部分斷裂
Compplete tear of the Achilles tendon 足跟腱完全斷裂
Retrocalcaneal bursitis 足跟腱滑液囊炎
Sever's lesion 足後跟生長板損傷
Lateral ligament injury(rolled ankle) 踝外側韌帶損傷
Medial ligment injury(ligment tear to the inside of your ankle) 踝內側韌帶損傷
Pott's fracture(ankle joint fracture) 踝內外髁骨折
Osteochondral fracture of the talar dome
(bone-cartulage fracture within the ankle joint)
距骨平頂骨軟骨骨折
Dislocation of the peroneal tendons 腓骨腱脫位
Post-traumatic synovitis  踝外傷性滑液膜炎
Avulsion fracture of  the base of the fifth metatarsal  第五蹠骨基部剝離骨折
Tibialis posterior tendinopathy  後脛骨肌腱炎
Flexor hallicus longus tendinopathy 長姆趾屈肌腱炎
Tarsal tunnel  syndrome  跗隧道症候群
Stress fracture of the medial malleolus  內側髁應力性骨折
Peroneal tendinopathy  腓骨肌腱炎
Sinus tarsi syndrome 足跗管症候群
Posterior impingement syndrome  後踝部壓擠症候群
Stress fracture of the talus  距骨應力性骨折
Anterior impingement syndrome  前踝部壓擠症候群
Tibialis anterior tendinopathy  前脛骨肌腱炎
Inferior tibiofibular joint injury  下脛腓關節損傷
Planttar fasciitis  足底板腱炎
Fat pad contusion  足脂肪墊挫傷
Stress fracture of the calcaneus  足跟骨應力性骨折
Stress fracture of the navicular  足舟狀骨應力性骨折
Lisfranc joint injury Lisfranc 關節損傷
Extensor tendinopathy 足伸肌腱炎
Midtarsal joint sprain 中間跗骨關節扭捻傷
Stress fracture of the metatarsal  蹠骨應力性骨折
Fractures of the fifth metatarsal 第五蹠骨骨折
First MTP joint sprain 第一趾蹠關節扭捻傷
Hallux rigidus/Hallux limitus  大蹠關節僵硬
Hallus valgus(bunions) 大趾外翻(大趾黏液囊炎)
Sesamoid injuries  大趾種子骨損傷
Freiberg's osteochondritis 第二蹠骨頭部生長板骨軟骨炎
Morton's interdigital neuroma  Morton 趾間神經瘤
Corns and calluses  雞眼胼胝腫
Plantar warts 足底疣
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 肥大性心肌病變
Marfan 's syndrome Marfan's症候群
Arrythmias and conducttion abnotmalities 心律不整
26th bethsed fonference guidelines for athletic
participation  for selected caridovascular abnormalities
心血管異常之運動指引
Shortness of  breath  呼吸短促
Cough  咳嗽
Asthma 氣喘
Exercise-induced asthma(bronchoconstriction) 運動引發氣喘
Sinusitis  鼻竇炎
Exercise-induced anaphylaxis 運動引發過敏反應
Exercise-induced angioedema 運動引發血管性水腫
Gastroesophgeal reflux 胃食道逆流
Gastrointestinal bleeding  胃腸道出血
Abdominal pain(stitch) 腹絞痛
Runner's diarrhea 跑步者下痢
Overtraining syndrome  訓練過度症候群
Depletion of iron stores 鐵不足
Chronic fatigue syndrome 慢性疲勞症候群
Headache 頭痛
Exercise-related headache 運動引發之頭痛
Vascular headache 血管性頭痛
Cervical  headache 頸源性(頸性)頭痛
Hyperthermia (heat illness) 熱症(體溫過高)
Hypothermia(cold illness) 體溫過低(冷身)
Frostbite  凍傷